“Your skin has a memory.
In ten, twenty, thirty years from now,
Your skin will show results of
How it was treated today.
So, treat it kindly and with respect.” – Jana Elston
Our skin is the largest barrier against infection that we can have. This layer serves as our primary defense system against the environment, so keeping it healthy and strong is one of the most important tasks we must achieve in our day to day life. Now, everything has a process through which it can be completed in its best way, so does the skin care. Here, I am going to share with you the skin care routine one must follow everyday for a proper nourishment.
Believe me, skincare is pretty simple. You just have to get used to the routine and it will all be just a piece of cake. The goal of skincare routine is to make your skin function at its best plus work on targets you want to.
The basic three steps for skincare are:
#Step1: Knowing your skin
Now, before we get into the skincare routine, it is important to know your skin i.e. your skin type. There are five types of skin namely:
- Oily Skin
- Dry Skin
- Normal Skin
- Sensitive Skin
- Combination Skin
I am sure many of you already know about your skin type and how to recognize it, but if not, no issue, we have everything sorted out.
The guide below will help you out in recognizing your skin type and if you are already done with that, skip to step 2.
Type 1: Oily skin
- Feels greasy and shiny all over your face.
- Usually have large pores which often get clogged due to excessive oils and dirt.
- Normally, you need moisturizing once a day because it makes your skin feel oilier.
Type 2: Dry skin
- Feels tight and dry. Even gets crack during winters.
- Usually have small pores which feels tight.
- Needs moisturizing very often. Specially after waking up or cleansing.
Type 3: Normal skin
- Feels even and balanced.
- Usually have pores that are mostly unnoticeable.
- Do not need moisturizing too often. It feels moisturized all day.
Type 4: Sensitive skin
- Normally feels itchy, dry and sometimes even stingy.
- Usually have normal to large pores even depending on the reaction with the products used.
- Needs moisturizing very often but tough to find those which irritate less.
Type 5: Combination skin
- Usually have oil in the T-zone (forehead, nose and chin), have more than one texture of skin
- Pores are large and clogged near the T-zone but have smaller pores at the other areas of skin.
- Needs moisturizer often for dryer areas and T-zone is normally oilier.
Different skin type requires different type of routine to follow upon for healthier skin. I will be discussing about the steps of skincare for every type of skin. So, you do not have to worry.
#Step 2: Cleansing
Cleansing is always the first most step of skin care routine. A good cleanser will always be gentle, irritant free and won’t make your skin sticky or dry after cleansing.
- If you have oily skin, the best cleanser options will be light foam cleanser which remove your makeup, cleans your skin and soften it or gel-based cleanser if you prefer lightweight products which makes your skin moisturized and makes you feel fresh.
- If you have dry skin, Cream and lotion-based cleanser is suitable for you if you prefer moisturized skin. It has a very silky texture and remove most types of makeup. If you prefer deep nourishment along with moisturization, cleansing balms, no-rinsing creams are also suitable but they are removed through wet wash cloth not to damage your skin.
- If you have a normal skin, gel-based cleanser is suitable for you. It will make you feel moisturized as well as cleaned.
- For a combination skin, light foaming products and gel-based products are apt.
- For sensitive skin, cream and lotion-based cleansers are very suitable as it causes less irritation with proper cleansing.
- Oil-based cleanser, Micellar water and Cleansing wipes are preferred for all kinds of skin types.
Though soaps and cleansing bars thoroughly cleanse your skin but it damages the surface of the skin and make it feel tight and dry. Some bars are also less dehydrating and can clog your pores instead of unclogging and make your skin dull. So, please DO NOT GO FOR THEM.
Exfoliation helps in cleaning pores and slough off dead skin cells for brighter and smoother skin. Also, it helps your skin in absorbing other skincare products easily and efficiently.
Always, exfoliate for once or twice a week focusing on the nose and cheek pores. Invest in those products which contain ingredients like Salicylic acid, Lactic Acid and Black sugar.
#Step 3: Toning
Toner is one of the most important part of skincare routine because it helps in maintaining you skin pH level, clams the skin and helps prepare it for any cream or serums it will follow. Our skin is naturally prepared to fight against environment and stress and its ability is affected by its pH level. Our skin has a thin, protective layer on its surface, referred to as the acid mantle. This acid mantle is made up of sebum (free fatty acids) excreted from the skin’s sebaceous glands, which mixes with lactic and amino acids from sweat to create the skin’s pH, which ideally should be slightly acidic – at about 5.5.
There are few ingredients which are great for all skin types in case of toners like Aloe vera, Rose, Chamomile extract, Hyaluronic acid.
Aloe Vera has ingredients which brightens up the skin, keeps skin tight but does not let it over dry. Hyaluronic acid boost hydration, seal in dewiness and plump skin to subtly treat fine lines. Rose water lessens irritations and reduces redness with anti-inflammatory effect. Chamomile extract targets inflammation, ease irritation and prevent moisture loss.
- For Oily skin, find toners with ingredients like Aloe Vera, Lavender, Sandalwood, Tea Tree, Salicylic acid, Witch Hazel with slightly astringent and antibacterial properties to balance skin and reduce oil.
- Dry and sensitive skin always need extra caring and hydration. Essential oils with extra soothing properties are great choices. Ingredients like Aloe Vera, Lavender, Chamomile, Rose are best choices.
- For Normal and Combination skin types, these skins are already closer to its natural pH level but that definitely not means they do not need care. Products with potent ingredients like Aloe Vera, Chamomile, Rose, Witch Hazel, Salicylic acid are very suitable for toners.
Alcohol-based toners contribute to over drying of skin and water-based do not let active ingredients enter your skin, so better avoid these while you look for toners.
When applying toner, use a cotton pad to swipe all across your face or pat with your hands gently on the skin.
Let’s apply serums
Its absolutely fine if you don’t know what actually a serum is. When and how to apply it, we have all prepared here.
Let’s start with basics. Serums are skincare products you can apply to your skin after cleansing but before moisturizing to deliver strong ingredients directly into your skin. Serums are generally used to target specific skincare concerns like wrinkles, acne etc. Since, it is made up of smaller molecules, it can penetrate easily into the skin to deliver powerful active ingredients directly into the skin. Serums do contain moisturizing contents but do not moisturize in the traditional way.
Serums can be oil-based and water-based. Oil- based go on the top of moisturizers because they are made of comparatively larger molecules and keep your cream under the moist the entire day. Water-based due to its smaller molecular components, go under the cream and nourishes the inner layer of the skin.
Since, water-based serums absorb quickly into the skin, it can be used in the mornings so it will be easier to apply makeup over it. Oil-based serums could be used at nights revitalizing your skin by the day.
You can use water-based serums in the summer which are ultra-light and use oil-based during winters.
To treat fine lines, sagging or wrinkles, Retinol (a derivative of Vitamin A) is commonly used in anti-aging serums.
Serums can also brighten up skin and give you a natural glow. It basically smoothens your complexion, fades age spots and diminishes hyperpigmentation. These serums basically contain extracts of green tea, licorice root and grapefruit and antioxidants like Vitamin E and C.
Serums can be best to deliver an extra layer of hydration for its nourishment. Apart from these, Exfoliating serum, Reparative Face serum and Acne Serums are also available in plenty to treat different skincare concerns. Serums cannot replace moisturizers but act as an extra level of protection for your skin.
Apply serum once in a day will cover all the bases. When applying them, gently tap into the skin focusing on the areas affected by skin concerns.
#Step 4: Moisturizing the skin
Moisturizers add a layer of protection to your skin. Skipping out on that can lead to skin irritations, rashes and even infections, one of the most important step of skincare routine.
Most of the moisturizers contains a mixture of three categories:
- Occlusive: It works on locking the moisture. E.g. Lanolin, mineral oil and oil like coconut, jojoba, shea butter etc.
- Emollients: It helps in softening and smoothening of skin by filling up the cracks. E.g. Ceramides, Linoleic acid, sesame seed oil etc.
- Humectants: It brings moisture on to the top layer of the skin. E.g. Hyaluronic acid, Propylene glycol, glycerin etc.
If you have an oily skin, find the products which are non-comedogenic. It will not clog pores since acne is accompanied by oily pores. Light-weight hydration with exfoliating benefits type products can provide with radiant glow. Also, products with lightweight mattifying formula can tighten the pores, balance out oil production and protect against free-radical damage.
For Dry skin, which often lack in natural oils and lubricants, can be best suited with thick oil-based cream moisturizers. Products with high Emollient can nourish the skin from within or products with Oatmeal extract and Allantoin can alleviate irritation while leaving a protective layer on the skin.
For Normal skin, if you think you can skip moisturizer, that is definitely a bad option. Apply moisturizers rich in Hyaluronic acid for better hydration and Vitamin C and E can brighten up your skin.
Sensitive skin needs extra effort in getting the right moisturizer to prevent irritations and allergen. Experts advice to meet the dermatologist to get a knowledge on which ingredients to avoid. Inflamed and sensitive but not acne-prone can choice for balms which has got heavier textures.
Combination skin type needs to choose those moisturizers which keeps all area satisfied. Be gentle to your skin. Lotion can be best suited since it will feel more moisturized than a gel and will absorb well.
When it comes to daytime moisturizers and nighttime moisturizers, yes, we need both. Daytime moisturizers are mostly formulated to defend your skin against pollution and UV rays. Its texture is also light, non-greasy and it also contain SPF in them.
When it comes to night cream, one can expect heavier formulas and different set of constituents. Since, our skin repairs and regenerates during our sleep, night creams are recommended.
How about Eye creams?
The skin around our eyes is more fragile, more prone to dryness and quicker to show age and fatigue. Constant movement of our eyes also hasten the fine lines and wrinkles and cause puffiness and dark circles. Eye creams can tend to address such concerns. They are formulated specifically for the delicate skin around our eyes, they tend to have heavier texture. They contain more oil than normal creams and have active ingredient to defend against eye concerns.
Eye creams containing Retinol which boostens collagen production and Ceramide and Hyaluronic acid which prevent water loss and elasticity helps in treating fine lines and wrinkles. Niacinamide, Vitamin B3 can lighten dark circles. Studies have shown that caffeine can increase circulation and reduce puffiness.
Protect yourself with sunscreen
Sunscreens are used to protect ourselves from harmful effects of sun. They help to prevent sunburn and premature aging. Sunscreens also decrease chances of skin cancer and sunburn-like skin reactions caused by some medications. The active ingredients in sunscreen work either by absorbing UV rays or by reflecting the radiations.
While buying sunscreens, there are few important things to look for. Check for sunscreens which:
- has SPF for 30 and higher
- protects from both UVA and UVB rays
- is water-resistant.
Sunscreen comes in different types: creams, gels, sprays, sticks. Creams are best for dry skin areas, sticks for eye area and gels for scalp. For sensitive skin, look for products with active ingredients like Titanium dioxide. Chemical ingredients like oxybenzone or octinoxate can irritate and cause reaction to sensitive skin. So, Sensitive skin people should be careful about that.
Remember to wear your sunscreen even if you are inside for most of the day. When applying for sunscreen, apply it to all part of your skin which cannot be covered with your clothes. Do not forget to apply to the top of your feet, your neck, your ears and top of your head. Apply lipstick or lip balm which contains SPF of 30 and higher. When outdoors, reapply sunscreen after every two hours or after swimming or sweating according to the directions of your bottle.
#1: Face Masks
Today’s face masks: Cotton sheets, Hydrogel formulas, Peel-offs, sleeping masks and exfoliating masks are just next-level and not only hydrate but are specialized to treat different skincare problems.
For Normal and Dry Skin: Hydrogel masks works way better because they lock moisture better than cotton and conform to your face.
Rubber Masks or better called peel-off masks have thick consistency and texture. It works great in removing impurities and dead skin cells while brightening the skin.
Clay masks balance out oil by regulating excess sebum and tightening pores and can be an absolute choice for Oily skin. They also help out in softening and smoothening of skin making it ideal for oily skin.
Water sleeping masks exactly as it sounds make you feel refreshed and moisturized the next morning you wake up when you apply it at night. They are perfect for anti-aging concerns.
Exfoliating masks usually contain microbeads which is generally applied for cleansing to slough off layer of dead skin cells. Such masks with lactic acid can be best for irregular pigmentation and uneven skin tone.
Masks should be applied once a week only and better not over do it for your own sake.
#2: Facial oils
From research-supported facts, it has been found out that plant oil or blend of oils can be a great choice for dry, flaky dehydrated skin. It can boost nourishing and renew smoothening. Facial oils are helpful for keeping skin’s vital hydration locked in and they have instant skin-smoothing properties.
Apply facial oils after you have applied serums but before lotions and creams for better results.
So, these were these. But remember one thing ladies and dear girls! Live well because that is what the most important secret of your healthy-looking skin. Eat healthy, exercise regularly, mediate and try to be positive and happy. That’s what your skin wants to live well.